Health insurance is insurance against the risk of incurring medical expenses among individuals. By estimating the overall risk of health care and health system expenses, among a targeted group, an insurer can develop a routine finance structure, such as a monthly premium or payroll tax, to ensure that money is available to pay for the health care benefits specified in the insurance agreement.
For every individual in India, health insurance has become a necessity. It provides risk coverage against expenditure which is caused by unforeseen medical emergencies. Today, when the medical inflation rates are so high, failing to hold an adequate health cover can prove costly financially. However, the awareness about health insurance is on the rise in urban India. A study jointly conducted by Max Bupa and Nielsen in 2014-15 which covered 1500 consumers revealed that 70% of the respondents felt that health insurance was more important than life insurance. 60% of the consumers were aware that health cover provided by the employer may prove to be inadequate.
Low penetration of insurance in India
Medical emergencies come unannounced. To get the best medical facilities without a financial burden you will need a health insurance. Buying a health cover is no longer an option but has become a compulsion. Health insurance is well established in most countries but in India is remains an untapped market. Only 1.1 billion of the Indian population which is less than 15% of the Indian population is covered through health insurance.
According to WHO statistics 31% and 47% of the hospital admissions in urban and rural India are either financed by loans or through sale of assets. Additionally as per the statistics, 70% of Indians spend their entire income on healthcare and 3.2% of Indians fall under the poverty line owing to high medical bills.
Health insurance is one way to get an insurance which covers all expenses related to:
Medical tests, doctor fees
Costs of the ambulance
Post hospitalization charges which includes doctor visits, diagnostic tests and medicines.
How one can benefit from health insurance
Health insurance increases accessibility to quality healthcare, the private healthcare in particular where the costs remain a barrier for many. For families and individuals who do not have a mediclaim, hospitalization means spending money out of the pocket to pay the hospital bills. Most Indians face the common situation when they do not have adequate cash to deal with a sudden medical emergency. In such a case a health insurance plan can act as a boon.
It will ensure that you get appropriate treatment in a timely manner. Irrespective of your financial capability, with an active policy you can avail the best treatment at any network of hospitals, with the clause that terms and conditions of the policy are met. After you have bought a health insurance policy, not only will it bring peace of mind but also you can avail the tax benefits under section 80D of the Income Tax Act, 1961.
Owing to the emergence of several companies such as Royal Sundaram, Bajaj Allianz, ICICI Lombard and HDFC in the field of healthcare, the popularity of health insurance in India is on the rise. It is important to note that cashless benefit is the most important advantage of purchasing health cover in the country. This facility helps tremendously when a policy holder falls under medical emergency which requires immediate medical attention. During the treatment whatever medical expense is incurred, it is borne by the insurance company. Thus, not only will you be able to avail quality medical facility, but at reduced costs.
The need of the hour is to accept the fact that health insurance in India is a top priority. But the question which next arises is which cover to choose. Take a look at this checklist before you buy a health insurance plan in India:
Before you talk to the agent, it is necessary to understand your needs
It is advised that you do not wait for getting sick before you opt for health insurance. The greater the number of health issues you have, lesser will the plan pay. Hence, act wise and opt for insurance today
All the policies are not equal. Some may cover accidents whereas some may not. Some may exclude terminal illness while some may not. This requires you to read the fine print carefully
Make sure that you do not solely depend on the verbal wordings. Accept the policy if you agree to the terms and conditions which are in written
Take the settlement ratio into consideration. This will not be there in the fine print of the policy. “Settlement Ratio” refers to the amount which is paid by the company against the claims which have been made. Higher the settlement ratio and faster the settlement time, means that the insurer is doing a good job
Take the co-payment into consideration. This mandates that as a policy holder you will bear a pre-defined percentage of the claim and the rest will be borne by the insurer. When you compare policies, select one with the least copay amount
Keep the inflation in mind when you choose a health insurance plan. A particular sum assured may be alluring today but considering the inflation rate in the next twenty years, it may turn out to be inadequate
Even if you are insured by the employer, do not depend on it solely. An employer sponsored coverage will largely depend on their budget and you may suddenly may be in for a shock when you discover that the coverage is low
It is recommended that you do not wait till old age to get insured medically. Health insurance companies do not provide plans easily to those above 45 years of age or to those with health issues
Most policy holders do not realize that the type of hospital you opt for during hospitalization can have a cascading effect on the charges which are paid. If the room you opt for is of a higher standard you may have to shell out the additional room rent. So, you must ensure that you opt for a policy which matches your requirements
Most policies come with riders or an add-on coverage which adds to the benefits which are available on the policy. Check if the policy you are looking at offers these riders
Ascertain the benefits and the relative costs of obtaining a family-coverage policy. In most cases it has been witnessed that it proves more cost-effective than opting for separate policies. But, here too it is important to check who is being covered. The age of the person can make a big difference
Several health insurance companies offer cashless facility. This allows you to receive treatment in a hospital which is registered with the health insurance company without paying the bills upfront. If you opt for such a plan, ensure that the company has a wide network of hospitals which come handy in case of an emergency
It is a good idea to consult a health insurance advisor on whom you can rely. He should be able to provide you with unbiased advice and provide you with an insight into the best plans. Additionally he should have the capability to assist you and help you with renewals and adjustments
After you have narrowed down on a few insurance firms, take a look at the premium. Pick the option with the lowest premium
Room rent capping
Most health insurance companies have a room rent capping which means that you will be eligible to claim expenses only up to a room costing which lies below the capping. If according to the policy your room rent is Rs.4000 and you choose a room with a rent of Rs. 10,000 you may think that you will get Rs. 4000 from the insurance company, and the rest of the charges will be paid according to the limits. However, this does not hold true. In reality, as your room rent limit is 40% other expenses too will be paid in the 40% margin.
Take for instance, instead of Rs.4000, you opt for a room with a rent of Rs.8000, as per the limits the following amount will be paid: